Psychology and Education @St. Thomas

August 21, 2013

Citation Searching: Finding Articles into the Future

Filed under: Citations,Databases,Research Techniques — merriealynn @ 5:59 pm

Citation Searching: Finding Articles into the Future

You’re probably used to looking at the references in a paper and finding the articles that the author read to help them analyze their data and interpret their results. This is great for finding seminal articles, but they just get older and older. You want to know what’s happening now!

How about finding out who read the article you have in your hand to understand their own data? That would mean you’d be moving into the future!

Most databases now let you click on a link and see who cited it. Here’s what that looks like in Ebsco databases, like Criminal Justice Full Text, Academic Source Premier, ERIC, or SocINDEX. The link to these articles will be in a slightly different place in other databases, like PsycINFO.

Finding Older and Newer Articles based on the article you found

Good luck. Have fun. And contact me if you’d like some help or more information!

March 4, 2013

Customizing RefWorks: Seeing the publication format on your screen

Filed under: Citations — merriealynn @ 5:42 pm
Tags: , , , , , ,

Would you like to see all of your RefWorks references listed in APA format or MLA or Turabian? You can set up your display to show any type of publication style that RefWorks includes… and that’s hundreds of them.

This is probably what your references look like now:

standard display

Your DisplayNow

But if you want to quickly see what your references would look like in your bibliography, you can customize the display to show any type of publication style. This way you don’t have to print out a bibliography every time you want to see if your citations are going to look correct.

Customized to display APA Style.

Customized to display APA Style.

Here’s how:

Scroll down to Customize on the right-hand side of the column. It’s close to the bottom.

Click on Customize

Click on Customize

Select the publication style you want. (This time I chose APA 6th ed., APA style annotated, and MLA7th ed.) Click on save customized settings.

Choose the publication style you want from hundreds of choices.

Choose the publication style you want from hundreds of choices.

Now you can choose from any of the display types listed in your change view menu.

Click on the display style you prefer.

Click on the display style you prefer.

This is what it would look like in MLA 7th edition.

And then MLA 7th edition.

And then MLA 7th edition.

Pretty cool, Huh?

August 12, 2011

Annotated Bibliograpy in RefWorks

Filed under: Citations — merriealynn @ 10:10 pm

RefWorks can do amazing things for you!

Often students need to write annotated bibliographies. If you use RefWorks, you can have it make a bibliography for you and then type  your annotation under each of the citations. Nice, but sometimes a headache for formatting.

You could, however, have RefWorks format the entire annotated bibliography for you! There are 3 steps:

1) Export all of your articles, books, and other references into RefWorks.

2) In each record in RefWorks, type in your annotation (description, analysis, critique) of the article in the Personal Notes field. (To edit a record, click on the edit icon –a  piece of paper with pencil).

Edit Button

Type in analysis in Personal Notes field

3) Click on the Create Bibliography button. For Output Style, under University of St Thomas Specific, select APA-6th: Annotated Bibliography. Follow the regular process to make a bibliography and Voila! A formatted annotated bibliography.

Scroll to APA 6th -- Annotated Bibliography

Choose APA 6th -- Annotated Bibliography

Click on Create BibliographyVoila!

The Annotated Bibliography!

The Annotated Bibliography!

Let me know if you’d like different formats (you can do this yourself by clicking on  Bibliography and then Edit Output Style.) But I’m happy to reformat the style to make it more useable for everyone. Let me know!

July 21, 2010

Citing Quotations Quoted in Another Article

Filed under: Citations — merriealynn @ 2:36 pm

A common question: “I’d like to cite this quotation. It’s from an old article, but cited in a newer article. How do I cite it?”

Have you seen the recent firing and attempted rehiring of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Shirley Sherrod, quoted on The website states she made racist comments, saying, “She then talks about saving a family farm from a forced sale by two relatives who end up with 62 out of 515 acres of the property. She then disdainfully says ‘and guess what? They’ve already got a white man lined up to buy it.'”

However, the context of her talk is how 24 years ago, this was her thinking. But that particular situation transformed her view of the world, making her realize that the issue isn’t race, but rather economics. Poor people are poor people. The quote in context is:

What does this mean for your citations? APA recommends that you ALWAYS try to find the original document for the quotation. This should also hold true if the article you’re reading paraphrases the original work. Why?

  1. The quotation might be taken out of context, as in this situation.
  2. Especially with paraphrases, you might interpret the theory, research, or comment differently than the author of the second paper did.
  3. You’re interested in the comment or idea. Chances are you’d be interested in other things the author has to say.


Main Library, Stockholm University

Main Library, Stockholm University


APA’s recommendation is that you find the original unless it is no longer available, in a language other than English (or that you speak/understand) or (and I’m making up my own words) tracking it down would cause undue hardship or expense to you. You need to weigh the benefit and cost. (We don’t exactly expect you to fly to Sweden to find the only copy of a manuscript in the archives of Stockholm University.

But you might want to contact them to see if they’ll scan the appropriate pages for you or request them through InterLibrary Loan.)

Otherwise, don’t include the original in your References, just the secondary source. In the text itself, it should look something like this:

Kraeplin’s Verbrechen als soziale Krankheit. Monatschrift K/S  (as cited in Shepherd, 1995)

April 27, 2010

Get DOIs from CrossRef

Filed under: Citations — merriealynn @ 6:45 pm

The psychology and education librarians list informed us that you can get the DOIs for your articles by listing them at They’ll give you the numbers after you give them your citations!

Handout on Getting DOIs from CrossRef

 (If you only have one or two citations that need DOIs, use this form instead.) 

Otherwise, if you have a list of citations, separate each citation with a blank line. 

Make sure you either 1) type in the citations or 2) cut and paste from Notepad. The form won’t accept text copied from a .doc or Word file. 

If you have your references in Word, copy them and then paste them into Notepad. Then copy them from Notepad and paste them into the box at CrossRef

DOIs from CrossRef

Type in the citations for your references.

Results from CrossRef

You get DOIs for all the articles that have them. Cool beans!

March 19, 2010

Finding Journal Homepage URLs

Filed under: APA,Citations — merriealynn @ 7:01 pm

You need to know a journal’s homepage URL for your APA citation. How do you find it?

Handout on Finding Journal Homepage URLs

You can search in Google, but often that brings up links to libraries that subscribe to the journal. To determine which URL is the journal’s homepage usually requires you to know the publisher or association that publishes it. Somewhat esoteric information!

Another way to find the homepage is to use Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, a database that lists journals, their publishers, homepages, which other databases index them, and tons of other information.

Type in the journal’s title. Searching by title often brings up 50-100 similarly titled journals.

Type the journal's title into Ulrich's search box.

Type the journal's title into Ulrich's search box.

Find the journal you want, click on the name of the journal, scroll down the page. There’s the homepage for the journal. I’d click on that, just in case it’s outdated. 🙂

Journal's Home Page

Check to make sure the home page is up to date!

If you’re in an EbscoHost database, clicking on the journal title in the record will bring you to a page about the journal. The journal’s homepage URL is listed. Again, check to make sure the link is still accurate.

Journal's homepage URL in Ebsco

Click on the journal's homepage to make sure it's still active.

If it leads to just the publisher’s website, it usually has a search box. Type in the name of the journal to find the journal’s homepage.  Let me know if you need more info!

February 13, 2010

DOI in RefWorks

Filed under: APA,Citations — merriealynn @ 12:09 am

Handout on DOIs in RefWorks

In an earlier post, I talked about the DOI and its use in APA citations.

But sometimes, okay often, when you’re in RefWorks and you try to print out a bibliography in the new APA format, the numbers at the end of the citation aren’t the DOI. (If a DOI can’t be found for an electronic article, you’re supposed to use the journal’s homepage. Not where you found the article in the database. Not the link to the article in the journal.)

What you get often, is a link to the article in the database — especially from WilsonWeb’s Education Full-Text and CSA databases other than PsycInfo.  What is happening here is that the database is dumping a URL, usually to the database record, into the “links” field. Instead, it should be dumping the DOI number only into the DOI field.

Here’s an example of a bibliography printed out by RefWorks.

Reference List from RefWorks

Several problems with the reference list from RefWorks

How should you correct these? For most citations, it’s best to change the record that RefWorks use to make your bibliography, NOT the BIBLIOGRAPHY itself.

  • If you decide to add one or two additional citations and reprint your bibliography, you don’t want to have change all of your citations again.
  • If you ever want to use that reference later, for another bibliography, you don’t want to have to look up DOIs or journal homepages again.
  • Plus, if the journal changes hands, with the  DOI,  you can still find the article.

How do you change the record? Click on the edit link next to the record in RefWorks. (It’s to the right of the article’s title: the icon of the pencil on top of a sheet of paper .)

1) In the first example above, the article by Rosen, the DOI, with the URL to the database, is in the “links” field. Move the number of the DOI to the “DOI” field.

DOI in URL to doi field

Move DOI from the URL in the links field to the doi field.

2) In the second example, by Burch, I searched all over the place online, but couldn’t find a DOI. You should use the URL of the journal’s homepage (or the link to the article at the journal’s website)  in this case. And place the URL into the “links” field.

Delete the info in the links field

Delete the whole URL from the "links" field

Replace with the homepage's URL

Replace with the homepage's URL (or the article's URL on the journal website).


APA states that if an article can be found in only 1 database (their example is ProQuest’s Dissertations and Theses) you should include the URL to the database. Honestly, I think only librarians know this kind of info!

“Yikes!” you say, “This is all too complicated and too much work!”

APA’s style blog has a flowchart of how to decide which links to use. It’ll make your head hurt!

You may decide just to use the rules for the older APA version, the 5th ed.

  1. If the article is published in both an online version and a print version,  you can use the print version citation for your references. Don’t worry about a DOI, journal homepage or anything. But type [Electronic version] after the title of the article.
  2. If the article is available from a library database, like Academic Search Premier or PsycArticles, you can forget about the DOI, journal homepage, etc. You just cite it like a print article
  3. The only time you have to worry about the journal’s homepage or DOI is if the journal is published online ONLY.

These rules don’t follow the APA manual and are not acceptable for publication, especially in APA journals. However, they may make sense to you and your professor. Check with him or her about the rules you must follow. Remember, your intent is to make it easy for folks to find the articles and books you used in your research.

Handout on DOIs in RefWorks

January 25, 2010

Download Dissertations Now!

Filed under: Citations,Databases,Research Techniques,scholarly communication — merriealynn @ 10:03 pm
Is my dissertation like every other?

Is my dissertation like every other? (Ron Lubensky)

We now have full-text access to most dissertations published after 1996 in Dissertations and Theses Full-Text! Just download the PDF to your computer. Print it out if  you’d like!

Are you writing a literature review, but don’t know which articles are best? Or really what they focus on? Dissertations have extensive reference sections that draw from many areas in a topic. Reading through their lit reviews can tell you which articles you should read for your paper.

Ready to start your thesis, but don’t have an idea of what its structure should be? Check out a few in  your field before you start.

As I’ve worked with students over the years, often the one publication that studies their particular interest is a dissertation, cutting edge research on a great topic. Look up your friends’ work. Have a great time exploring!

November 16, 2009

Seminal and Core Articles

Filed under: Citations,Research Techniques,scholarly communication — merriealynn @ 8:59 pm

You’re writing a paper. Your professor has told you that your references can only include recent articles — 5, 6, or 10 years old or less. And seminal (or core) articles. What’s a seminal article?

In general, research is a conversation among scholars. Each study or analysis is a contribution to that conversation. Scholars are responding to each other. Some articles are read by very few scholars, others — seminal or core articles — are read by almost every scholar in that particular field. The resulting research is a collective response to that article.

Therefore, if you want to really understand the research, you need to read these seminal articles. A seminal article tells you WHY researchers chose the research studies they chose.

You can find these articles by

  • Looking in encyclopedias and handbooks. They are listed after each article.
  • Checking your textbooks.
  • Reading the references to articles you’ve found. Which articles and researchers are mentioned over and over again?


On learned helplessness in general:

Dweck, C. S. (1975). The role of expectations and attributions in the alleviation of learned helplessness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31(4), 674-685. doi:10.1037/h0077149

If you look this one up in PsychNET, you’ll find that 359 people have cited it. So this gives you an idea of how many people think her work is interesting, important, worth responding to.

On differences in how genders respond to teacher feedback:

Sex differences in learned helplessness: II. The contingencies of evaluative feedback in the classroom and III. An experimental analysis.

If you look this article up in Google Scholar, you’ll find that 618 people have cited it.

In language acquisition:  Brown R (1973) A First Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

If you look in PsycNET,  you’ll find that 956 other articles have cited it in their own work. Wow! Everyone talks about this one!

November 2, 2009

RefWorks Now For All UST Alumni

Filed under: Citations — merriealynn @ 11:20 pm


RefWorks  is now available online for all UST Alumni.  RefWorks a web-based system into which you put citations and articles, so it is accessible from work, from home, or anywhere you have an Internet connection.   The system allows you to save citations, files, and links, and to organize them as you like. When you need to create a bibliography with all of those items properly cited, RefWorks will create that page for you, in any of the hundreds of styles you choose.  UST Alumni can now continue to use the accounts they created as well as the valuable research they conducted while at St Thomas.  Alumni who do not yet have accounts may contact the libraries to set up their new accounts.

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